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 دروس الانجليزية الباكلوريا في المغرب المقرر الجديد 3

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كاتب الموضوعرسالة
kajireal
المدير
المدير


عدد المساهمات : 79
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/10/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: دروس الانجليزية الباكلوريا في المغرب المقرر الجديد 3   الجمعة أكتوبر 24, 2008 10:06 am

هنا تجدون نص الصفحة 50 من وحدة Advances in Science and Technology



Insights into English: Text page 50


PART A:

Advances in technology have changed the way we live and communicate, but no breakthrough has revolutionized life as the advent of the « wireless ». In the 1980’s, telephones were stuck to walls. , facts were found in books and people had to browse shelves in a record store if they wanted to buy the latest music. Now, access to all of that and more is found by just reaching into our pockets. With new mobile technology and wireless technologies, information has become easily accessible. In the Information Age having immediate access to data is fundamental to progress. In some cases the advances are serving to overhaul industries at a very fast pace. The internet has allowed music lovers to change the way music industry does business. Text messaging over cell phones has made written communication more immediate. How many text messages have you sent today? Having a computer in almost every home was instrumental to this massive technology change. Now, having computer access is available everywhere- well, almost everywhere. And just as computer use worldwide is exploding, the brains behind them – the processors- are getting smaller. Today, a tiny computer chip can hold huge amounts of data. We can now store tons of information in a cell phone a digital camera and have them at our disposal everywhere. When the internet age dawned, the World Wide Web looked entirely unproblematic. Today however, we face online scams and viruses



--xx--ing your entertainment experience

Technological advances have also transformed the entertainment industry. Satellite television and radio give us more choices. The development of the remote control allows us to access our preferred channels. Video game technology has made great strides, too



Breakthrough = an important discovery or event

The wireless was an important breakthrough in science

حدث مهم



2- Fundamental = Important

Scientific research is fundamental to progress

مهم/ جوهري



3- Online scams: online fraud

Online scam is a major problem for internet for online shoppers

عملية احتيال



4 - To make strides = to make headways/ to make progress

أن تحقق تقدما مهما






2



PART A:





Looking into the future

Many life-changing innovations have been made in scientific laboratories. Researchers have decoded the genetic make-up of many organisms, which led to advances in biotechnology, the science of manipulating and organism’s genetic material. DNA testing and forensic science has made it extremely possible to reunite an unidentified baby with his parents after a natural disaster, for example. Amazing new technologies are changing the way crimes are investigated and solved. Scientists are making headways in biometrics, which is the science of digitizing information such as fingerprints or facial features for accurate identification



Making advances



Hybrid vehicles – those vehicles that use at least two power sources, typically gasoline and electricity will soon be on the market everywhere. The compact fluorescent light bulb is low -tech. Yet, it has revolutionized the quality of life. It is one of the most successful energy- saving devices developed to date. There are advances in everything. From banking to shopping to investing, technology and the internet are transforming the way we conduct our global banking and financing. Bank customers can see everything from their checking account and savings account to home mortgages and credit cards. Now they can do all of that 24 hours a day, seven days a week from their own homes. Breakthroughs in defense technology changed the face of warfare. Smart bombs are guided to their targets by satellites. Robots are used to disarm bombs. Laser technology is applied in medicine and CD and DVD recording and playback. In space exploration, unmanned spacecraft have landed on Mars. The sky’s the limit for new technology industries!!

الأجوبة على أسئلة النص



For instance = for example

To make headways = to make progress

Biometrics = science of digitizing information

Hybrid vehicles = a vehicle that uses two sources of power; gasoline and electricity

Home mortgages = agreement that allows you to borrow money from a bank to buy a house

قرض عقاري


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------





Text Collocations page 50

Part A

Collocations

Collocations are: the way in which some words are used

together



For example: commit a crime

في الإنجليزية هناك كلمات تأتي دائما في الكلام مع بعضها البعض وتسمى collocation

اليوم ندرس بعض من هذه الكلمات التي

في نص ص 50 من كتاب



Insights Into English

Verb+adjective+ noun
Adjective + Noun
Noun+Noun
Adverb+ Adjective

-To have immediate access

-To have computer access

-To make great strides


-Wireless world

-Mobile technology

-Digital camera

-Online scams

-Technological advances

-The remote control
-Record store

-The information age

-Music industry

-Music lovers

-Entertainment industry

-Satellite television
-Easily accessible








Part B



Verb+adjective+ noun
Adjective + Noun
Noun+Noun
Adverb+ Adjective

- to make extremely possible

-to make headways


-life-changing innovations

-scientific laboratories

- forensic science

-natural disaster

- -hybrid vehicles

-- facial features

- unmanned spacecraft
-power sources

-bank customers

-savings account

-credit cards

-home mortgages

-defence technology

-smart bombs

-laser technology







الشروحات



To have immediate access

أن يكون لك حق استعمال شيء بشكل فوري

EX/ Thanks to the internet, people have immediate access to data



To have computer access

أن يكون لك حق استعمال الإنترنيت

EX/Most young people have computer access in their cities



To make great strides

أن تحرز تقدما مهما

EX/ Scientists made great strides in technological sciences



Wireless world

عالم ألاسلكي

EX/They made great strides in wireless world technology



Scientific laboratories

المختبرات العلمية



Digital camera

الكاميرا الرقمية



Forensic science

العلم الشرعي

EX/ Great advances have been made in Forensic sciences



Online scams

عمليات احتيال على الإنترنيت



Natural disaster

كارثة طبيعية

EX/ The Tsunami in Asia was a major Natural disaster



Technological advances

التطورات التكنولوجية



The remote control

التحكم عن بعد



Record store

محل الأسطوانات الموسيقية



The information age

عصر المعلومات

EX/ The 21 st century is an information age century



Entertainment industry

صناعة التسلية

EX/ World Disney is an example of entertainment industry



Easily accessible

يمكن الوصول إليه بسهولة

EX/ With satellite TV watching films is easily accessible



To make extremely possible

أن تجعل الشيء ممكنا لأبعد الحدود

EX/ The internet has made it extremely possible for students to access information





To make headways

أن تحرز تقدما كبيرا



Life-changing innovations

ابتكارات تغير الحياة



Unmanned spacecraft

مركبة بدون طيار



Savings account

حساب المدخرات

Defence technology

تكنولوجيا الدفاع

Smart bombs

القنابل الذكية

Laser technology

تكنولوجيا الليزر

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Making Complaints about behaviour
:There are a number of formulas used when complaining in English

هناك العديد من العبارات نستعملها لنشتكي من سلوك أحد أو الرد على الشكوى



التشكي من سلوك أحد

· I'm sorry to have to say this but...

· I'm sorry to bother you, but...

· Maybe you forgot to...

· I hate to mention this but …

· Would you please stop …


الرد على الشكوى

· I'm very sorry .

· I’m terribly sorry

· I’m awfully sorry

· I see no reason why I should do/stop……



:Examples

أمثلة

- Complaint: I am sorry to have to say that but you are making too much noise in the room

- Response: I’ m terribly sorry

- Complaint: I hate to mention this but you are always late for work

- Response: I see no reason why I should come early while all the clerks come late, too.



-------------------

درس Letter of complaint :writing



رسالة تشكي حول شيء اشتريته ووجدت به خلل

Dear Sir or Madam,

On 23 d of April this year I bought an HP pentuim4 computer with the serial 410 workstation at your computer store

Unfortunately, your computer has not performed well because it keeps shutting itself down and the keyboard remains inactive. I am disappointed because the product does not work properly

To resolve the problem, I would appreciate that you send someone to help repair the above mentioned computer or else be sent my money back. Enclosed are copies of the guarantee, as well as the computer bill price

I look forward to your reply and a resolution to my problem, and will wait until the end of this week before seeking help from a consumer protection agency or the Better Business Bureau. Please contact me at the above address or by phone at home

Sincerely,

Your name

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دروس الانجليزية الباكلوريا في المغرب المقرر الجديد 3
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